Soft tissue grafting is usually necessary to correct gum recession. Periodontal disease, trauma, aging, over brushing, and poor tooth positioning are the main reasons for gum recession and can be responsible for root exposure.
The primary goal of soppy tissue grafting is to either cover the exposed root or to thicken the present gum tissue in order to halt further tissue loss.
The various kinds of common soft tissue grafts include:
- Free gingival graft – A strip of tissue is taken away from the roof from the mouth and stitched to the grafting site to be able to promote natural growth. This type of graft is most often used for thickening existing tissue.
- Connective tissue graft – For larger areas or root exposure, subepithelial tissue is required to remedy the issue. This subepithelial ligament is removed from the small flap within the mouth and sutured towards the grafting site. This is actually the most typical strategy to root exposure.
- Soft tissue grafting with dental implants – The rational for soft tissue grafting around dental implants is to develop an attached area of health tissue to withstand the stresses of chewing and brushing. This area of tissue is also required for a natural appearance around dental implant crowns.
Reasons for soft tissue grafting
- Increased comfort – Root exposure may cause substantial discomfort and pain. Eating hot, cold as well as warm foods may cause severe discomfort. Soft tissue grafts cover the exposed root, decreases sensitivity and restore a healthy body towards the gum area.
- Improved aesthetics – Gum recession due to periodontal disease may cause the smile to look “toothy” or even the teeth to look uneven in size. Soft tissue grafting is a cosmetic procedure to enhance the gums, making the smile appear more symmetrical.
- Improved gum health – Periodontal disease is a progressive condition that can destroy soft tissue quickly. When utilized in combination with deep cleaning procedures, soft tissue grafting can halt tissue and bone loss, and protect exposed roots from further complications.
What does soft tissue grafting treatment involve?
The grafting procedure itself will generally be performed under IV sedation or local anesthetic, but this will depend on the size areas receiving grafts. A small incision is going to be made at the recipient site in order to create a little pocket. A split thickness incision is made in this pocket, and the donor tissue is positioned between the two sections of this area. The donor tissue strip is usually bigger than the incision, so some excess is going to be apparent.
Platelet rich growth factors, which stimulate natural tissue growth and promote good healing might be applied to the site before suturing. Additionally, tissue-stimulating proteins might be added to encourage quicker tissue growth. Finally, the wound site is going to be sutured to prevent shifting, and surgical material will be placed to protect the sensitive area. Gum uniformity and substantial healing will require devote the first six weeks after the procedure.
If you have any questions about soft tissue grafting, please ask your physician.